TMR Rations For Beef Cattle

tmr rations for beef cattle

TMR rations for beef cattle have a number of benefits, ranging from improving sorting to increasing milk fat in the cows. The author has also had success in improving sorting through water addition. While producers are hesitant to add water to TMRs, they become enthusiastic when they see the results. Adding water has generally been successful, as evidenced by increases in DHI records for low milk fat cows (typically, those that are lactating late). When cattle consume TMR rations, their behaviours may be exhibited as a sign of a poor diet, as evidenced by sorting behavior.

Chewy Online Pet Supplies


35% Off at Chewy.com

+ Free Shipping

Save Now

Efficacy of tmr rations

In areas where haylage or corn silage is not available year-round, TMR rations have been widely promoted. The benefits of this system include lower feed costs and more consistent milk production. In addition, TMR rations allow cows to eat a greater variety of forages, avoiding metabolic upsets. Moreover, the concept of TMR can be mechanized, allowing the producer to adjust the composition of feed to the needs of varying production levels.

In addition to reducing animal lameness, TMR can help maintain the pH level of the rumen. It can also increase fat content of milk, while reducing the incidence of lameness in cattle herds. The composition of TMR rations can include fermented feeds such as silage. A cow’s trough should have a space of at least 900mm per cow. The trough should be cleaned and insulated from cold winds. Finally, TMR rations should contain adequate protein and salt levels to support the animal’s metabolic activity.

Mineral supplementation

Mineral supplementation in beef cattle rations may be necessary to optimize animal performance. Cattle require a broad spectrum of minerals and need to be given in a form that they will readily consume. In order to optimize mineral intake, supplementation should be added to feed as a supplement, either as a dry mix or fortified pellet. Animals can benefit from a mineral package, but producers should always pay close attention to label recommendations and bioavailability. In addition, they should monitor intake and supply adequate amounts of macro and microminerals. While mineral supplementation is a necessary evil, it can also be a valuable tool.

The most common way to add minerals to cattle rations is by providing them free choice. However, this approach is unfavorable for many producers because loose mineral waste bricks and blows around in bad weather. A better alternative to loose-mix mineral is the Wind and Rain (r) Storm mineral tub. This product is resistant to these problems, and research trials show that mineral intake is higher with mineral tubs.

Hay-restricted diets

Hay-restricted diets for cattle are not a sustainable alternative to pasture. A limited hay supply is detrimental to the health of rumen walls. In addition to hay, beef cattle need a balanced diet with adequate protein and fiber. Fortunately, modern nutrition science has validated the concept of balanced rations. A high-quality ration can support healthy, productive and excellent reproductive performance. For example, corn silage produces more energy per acre than any other crop, and is highly palatable for cattle. Also, alfa is a high-quality forage that provides protein and energy to cows. Although hay is generally the sole source of protein, the ration should contain appropriate levels of nondairy alfa.

Hay-restricted diets are more cost-effective for producers during winter feeding and summer lactation rations. However, producers should ensure they have adequate facilities for hay storage and management. If the hay is scarce, a part of the diet can be substituted with grain. Hay-restricted diets for beef cattle should include a minimum of 0.5 pounds per 100 pounds of body weight, or six pounds per day for a 1,200 pound cow.

Grain-restricted diets

A grain-restricted diet for beef cattle may be more cost-effective for producers who wish to avoid the environmental impact of high-grain feed. The rations are formulated for beef cows with a mature weight of 1,350 lb. The rations are also formulated for heifers with a desired weight gain of 1.75 lb per day. In addition to grain-restricted diets, beef cattle are also fed byproducts such as hay at the rate of 1% of body weight.

Cereal grains are widely used in the cattle feeding industry as concentrated sources of energy. When fed as an entire ration, cereal grains account for 90% of the dry matter. They are cheaper than other feed sources and contribute to the protein requirements of growing and finishing cattle. This makes them an excellent choice for the diets of beef cattle. They can be fed in whole, dry-rolled, or steam-flaked form.