What Do Betta Eat in the Wild?

what do betta eat in the wild

Probably the most common question posed by pet owners is “what do betta eat in the wild?” This is a tricky question because bettas are not omnivorous. The vast majority of bettas sold in the U.S. come from breeding farms in Southeast Asia. These fish are kept in small plastic cups, bottles, and baskets covered with nets. Unfortunately, plant roots do not provide the nutrients that bettas require to survive.

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Live foods are closer to what bettas eat in the wild

Most bettas prefer eating live foods over dried ones, which are not very nutritious for your betta. However, some live foods can have undesirable side effects, such as bacteria or parasites. While a properly maintained live culture is free of these contaminants, the problem can arise if you do not get the right kind of foods from a reputable breeder. To avoid this problem, try combining live foods with dried ones.

Fruit flies

While some people may be able to raise fruit flies in a jar, others may not have the time. However, they can be raised with fly media and starter cultures at home. If you’re not sure how to raise fruit flies, you can read up on the topic online. Try to get flightless ones, as they’re easier to handle and don’t tend to overrun your tank.


Betta fish love to eat ants! While ants can be very nutritious for your fish, you should avoid giant fire ants and other aggressive ants. They contain a lot of magnesium, phosphorus, and iron. You can also find many minerals in ants, such as zinc and potassium. In addition to their nutritional value, ants are rich in fatty acids, which are necessary for betta’s cell membranes.


Plankton are microscopic organisms that are essential to the health of the ocean and the lives of many other animals. Zooplankton are important for many reasons, including supplying nutrients to the aquarium inhabitants and providing food for fry. Phytoplankton are made up of single cells and are abundant in the ocean, but there are also different species of algae and crustaceans that bettas will eat. These organisms can be either herbivorous or carnivorous.


Infusoria is a type of baby fish food. It is made up of minute invertebrates, algae, and microorganisms. These organisms are small enough to be easily swallowed by betta. Bettas also thrive on the nutrients found in infusoria, which is a good alternative to stale fish food. Bettas also thrive on infusoria that are grown in your aquarium.

Small zooplanktons

In the wild, betta fish feed on small zooplanktons, which are tiny organisms that are found in both freshwater and saltwater. Betta can eat both types of plankton, but they prefer bloodworms because they have a harder exoskeleton. However, you should avoid giving your betta too much bloodworm, since it could result in constipation.

Midge fly larvae

When you buy a betta, you’ll be supplying it with an essential food source: midge fly larvae. This type of insect lives in freshwater pools and ponds and is often farmed in northern areas. Almost all species of freshwater fish enjoy the taste of bloodworm, and this larvae can be a tasty addition to your betta’s diet. However, some fancy fish, including betta, can suffer from constipation due to dry food. Adding bloodworms to your betta’s diet can prevent this problem.

Mysis shrimp

If you are wondering what your betta fish eat in the wild, look no further. Mysis shrimp, also called opossum shrimp, are excellent protein sources. The exoskeleton of these shrimp is loaded with fiber, which helps your betta digest the other food it eats. Another excellent source of protein are earthworms. These can be purchased from a pet store and kept in the refrigerator. If you’re planning to feed your fish live earthworms, be sure to chop them up first.

Tropic fish food flakes

Bettas are carnivores, and they need a diet rich in animal proteins. It is nearly impossible to recreate this type of diet in the aquarium, so it is important to provide your Betta with specialized pellets. Any other kind of tropical fish food is not suitable because it will not have the protein your Betta needs. To give your Betta a complete and balanced diet, make sure to soak the pellets in water before you feed them.

Plant roots

When keeping bettas, be sure to feed them a diet that is balanced between meat and plant roots. While bettas are carnivores, they do prefer surface-dwelling food, and they will not survive without plant roots. You can feed your betta freeze-dried food or fish flakes. However, keep in mind that bettas are messy eaters, so you should always clean up the food that your betta isn’t finished eating.