What Do Livestock Eat?

what do livestock eat

Generally, livestock eat plants. These include flax, barley, oats, corn, alfalfa, cottonseed, maize silage and soya.

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Several reports estimate that soy is what livestock eat, but they are not based on direct measurements of soy use by the livestock industry. Rather they use estimates based on the average amount of soy used for different products. A report published by KPMG and IDH, which was based on data from the food retail sector, shows that a small proportion of soy is used for food. This report contradicts the estimates presented in the FAO report.

Soy is the basis of many soy products, including soy milk, tofu, soy milk pudding, and soya butter. It is also used in industry for lubricants, vegetable oils, and other industrial processes. A large portion of soy production is processed into soybean oil, which is used in cooking and biofuels.


Whether you are raising cattle, horses, sheep, goats, or poultry, corn is one of the most common grains found in the livestock diet. It’s also one of the most common sources of energy for livestock. However, corn can cause serious illness if fed improperly. Here are a few tips to keep your livestock healthy.

Corn is an excellent source of starch, carbohydrates, and fiber. However, it’s also low in protein. It’s important to process corn before feeding it to your livestock.

Most of the time, corn is sold in the form of corn kernels or cracked corn. Cracked corn is easier for livestock to digest.

Corn is also a popular ingredient in pet food. It’s also an ingredient in many commercial foods.

Alfalfa hay

Grazing alfalfa is a risky practice for livestock. However, it is also a very nutritious forage, rich in protein and calcium. It is important to graze it carefully to minimize the risk of bloat.

A recent study published by the Bureau of Animal Industry compared the production of cows fed alfalfa hay and those fed a ration containing roughage. The researchers found that the alfalfa hay ration provided a better test of milk production than a ration containing roughage.

A group of experimental cows was fed an alfalfa hay ration during 26 lactation periods. They were also fed alternate rations, which increased their body weights. The animals consumed enough nutrients to meet their requirements. However, they tended to have breeding trouble.

Flax, barley, oats

Several experiments have been conducted to determine the merits of combining wheat and flax. These experiments have shown that the combined yields of wheat and flax are similar to the yields of each crop grown alone.

The main advantage of the mixture is that it has a higher total yield per acre. In these tests, a small number of seeds tend to separate, but this did not seem to hinder the results.

In 1917, flax mixture experiments were conducted in dry-land conditions in Dickinson, N. Dak., and Mandan, N.Dakota. These experiments showed that the average yields of oat-flax combinations were similar to those of wheat-flax mixtures.

The most important advantage of the mixed crop was that it allowed the farmers to reduce the number of seeds required per acre. This may help in the future, since weeds were a problem in both years.

Maize silage

Using maize silage in dairy cow rations has been shown to increase the milk protein content. In addition, the dietary protein content is influenced by the chemical composition of the silage.

Maize silage is a highly digestible forage and can be used as a supplement to pasture. In addition, it can help livestock produce higher liveweight gains. However, it is important to follow best practices when incorporating corn silage in the diet.

The chemical composition of maize silage can be a key factor in determining the milk protein content and the total tract digestibility of the dietary nutrients. It can also be used to estimate the energy content of the corn silage.


Generally speaking, cottonseed is a high-fat and high-protein feed for livestock. However, the fat and protein levels in whole cottonseed are not sufficient for feeding cattle at the level required for beef. For example, a 1000-pound cow should not receive more than 5 pounds of whole cottonseed per day.

Moreover, whole cottonseed is difficult to digest by young cattle. In fact, only adult cattle can digest it.

The most appropriate way to feed whole cottonseed to cattle is through hand feeding. Hand feeding can be done in a trough or under a temporary electric fence. However, it may take some time for stocker cattle to acclimate to the new feed. For weaned calves, it may take even longer.