Duck Food – Smartweed, Devil’s Beggarticks, Jap Millet, and Curly Dock

smartweed duck food

If you are looking for a good duck food that will give your duck the nutritional benefits it needs, smartweed may be the answer. This aquatic plant contains almost as much gross energy as milo and corn. This plant will also scout out a duck’s habitat. It is also known as wild celery and is historically a favorite food of the canvasback duck.

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Wild rye

Smartweed is a good choice for duck food because it is native to the area. It is a tough plant that grows in all types of water. It turns red in the fall and creates a thick cover for ducks. Moreover, it is a very low-maintenance plant. The best time to plant it is between June and October. If you plan to use it for duck food, make sure that you flood it in October to get the most benefits.

Wild rye is another good choice for duck food. This cool season grass requires little maintenance. Its seed head looks like a whisk. The best time to plant wild rye is during the late spring or early summer. Alternatively, it can be planted anytime during the year. It grows well when mixed with a variety of smartweeds and millets. It also grows well in standing water.

Devil’s beggarticks

Devil’s Beggarticks are native, annual herbaceous plants ranging in height from 15 cm to 1.3 m. They are pinnately divided and have purple stems. They resemble daisies and bloom from August through October. Devil’s Beggarticks can be found in many habitats and are often found in conjunction with other smartweeds. These plants are also beneficial to the environment as they contribute free oxygen to the atmosphere. These plants also provide bedding to transient animals and are a natural source of food.

Ducks prefer moist soil, so it is a good idea to feed them natural plants instead of cereal grains. While some ducks prefer to eat grains and cereal crops, it is not essential that these are better for them. Natural plants are better for their health. To find out more about which plants are best for ducks, check out the Waterfowl Management Handbook. Smartweed, curly dock, and devil’s beggarticks provide the highest calorie content for ducks.

Jap millet

Jap millet is a natural vegetable used to improve the soil in damp areas. This plant has low seeding requirements and can be planted in early summer. Unlike other millet varieties, the seed head of jap millet will stay on the plant longer and slowly drop off. As a result, it makes an ideal duck food.

While Smartweed is the traditional food for ducks, jap millet is the ideal alternative for those who are trying to reduce the environmental footprint of their farming operations. Both plants have similar nutritional value and can be planted on small plots of land. Unlike Smartweed, Jap millet produces more seed per acre. Hence, this plant is also better for duck breeding.

Curly dock

Curly dock is a perennial plant with lance-shaped leaves and distinct leaf stems. Its leaves have a distinctive rust color. Its roots and seeds are excellent sources of potassium, iron, manganese, and phosphorus, and it is very nutritious. Its seeds and leaves are both edible.

Ducks prefer small-grained foods that are high in energy and readily accessible in flooded waters. In the Carolinas, many small-grained crops can be planted as late as August, just in time for migrating waterfowl. Among the small-grained grains you can use for duck food are Japanese millet, brown-top millet, white proso millet, and buckwheat. Other plants that contain small seeds are wheat and sorghum.

Pennsylvania smartweed

Pennsylvania Smartweed is an annual that thrives in wet areas such as marshes, mudflats, and lakes. Its pink or rose-colored flowers are a major source of food for waterfowl and other wildlife. This plant is also a good ground cover around lakes. Moreover, its seeds provide food for other waterfowl, including pheasants and other small birds.

Smartweed is a perennial plant native to the eastern United States, and is a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota and Pennsylvania. It grows very quickly in lakes and seasonal water basins. It is considered a valuable food source for many birds, including ducks, and it is sometimes difficult to differentiate from other plants, such as Lady’s Thumb and Nodding Smartweed.

Wild celery

Wild celery is a submerged plant with narrow, succulent leaves that can grow up to one-and-a-half feet long. The foliage emerges in summer. The stalk of the plant has a submerged seed head. Wild celery grows best in shallow, open water areas with good sunlight. It takes root in soft bottom sediment and provides excellent cover and food for waterfowl.

Smartweed is also a popular duck food. It provides almost as much gross energy as milo or corn. It is easy to spot and provides ducks with a variety of nutrients. Millet is not as high in energy content as smartweed, but still makes a good food source for ducks.