Important Nutrients in Petco Chicken Feed

Chickens that roam and peck for insects tend to be healthier, produce richer eggs, and taste more deliciously than those kept confined within an enclosure. Today, many people raise backyard flocks.

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Proteins are an integral component of animal feed, serving as both energy sources and carriers of fat-soluble vitamins. Furthermore, proteins also supply essential omega-6 fatty acids to poultry. Protein sources typically come from vegetable protein meals or meat processing by-products sourced from soybean meal, sunflower meal, canola meal rapeseed meal etc – although protein concentration levels vary widely within feed making it challenging to ensure chickens receive enough amino acids to meet their dietary requirements – hence supplementation may be required to ensure optimal performance.

Feeding laying chickens a high-protein diet is beneficial as their development requires more protein than that required by broilers or growers. However, make sure they receive sufficient water so as to prevent dehydration.


Fats are essential components of chicken feed, providing significant energy as well as essential fatty acids and linoleic acid. Unfortunately, however, an undigested portion of these oils and fats will eventually leave their way back out in excrement, potentially limiting energy intake overall. Common poultry fat sources include tallow or lard as well as vegetable oils like canola, rapeseed sunflower soy. They may even supplemented with coconut oil.


Fats and oils are essential components of poultry feed because they supply energy. Fats have more than twice the ME of proteins and carbohydrates per kilogram, carry fat-soluble vitamins, and provide essential fatty acids like linoleic acid; plus they aid absorption. Chickens need high-fat diets during summer, when calories are being burned at an increased rate allowing more protein intake for energy production. In winter they need lower-fat diets so as to meet energy demands of winter temperatures.


Minerals are essential in the development of chickens. A chick requires at least 38 nutrients such as calcium, phosphorus, chlorine magnesium potassium and sodium for its optimal development. Minerals can be divided into macro and microminerals depending on their concentration levels in its diet.

Mineral supplements are commonly added to poultry feed. Ethoxyquin, in particular, is often added as an antioxidant protection against vitamin and unsaturated fat oxidation; other antioxidants like phytase and arabinoxylanase may be utilized as well to increase nutrient availability in feed.

Studies have demonstrated the efficacy of coated trace mineral premixes on ADG weight gain, FCR rate and mineral metabolism in broilers. The coating improves trace mineral release from premix and increases intestinal absorption rates; further improving serum iron, zinc selenium levels as well as activities of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase enzymes.