What Can You Feed Wild Mallard Ducks?

what can you feed wild mallard ducks

Wild mallard ducks primarily feed on aquatic plant matter, such as pondweed and grasses. Additionally, they consume seeds, insects and worms.

Chewy Online Pet Supplies

35% Off at Chewy.com

+ Free Shipping

Save Now

Wild mallard ducks thrive on a combination of greens, seeds and nuts as a nutritious source. These provide them with essential vitamins and minerals without adding excessive calories to their diet.



Wild mallard ducks feed on grass, which is an abundant natural source of essential nutrients. It provides them with plenty of fiber and a good source of protein.

Grasses are low, green plants in the Poaceae family. Their leaves absorb energy from sunlight through photosynthesis, giving grass its characteristic green hue. Chlorophyll in these leaves gives grass its distinctive green color.


Wild mallard ducks have adapted to survive on grasses, weeds, insects, seeds and other plant matter. This allows them to easily find food in wetland areas or urban ponds.

Weeds can be a nuisance, but they also offer valuable ecological services. Not only do they protect soil from erosion and increase biodiversity, but some weeds may reduce crop yields by taking away water or nutrients; some even cause allelopathy – chemical warfare – against nearby plants.


Wild mallard ducks are omnivorous, eating a variety of foods such as seeds, greens, weeds, water plants, grass, nuts and berries. Some species also consume insects, mollusks and fish eggs.

Some herbs, like dill, sage and basil can be beneficial to your duck’s diet. But you should always check to ensure they’re safe before giving them unlimited access.


Mallards are migratory birds, meaning they need to eat while on the move. Flowers provide them with essential protein and calcium for healthy development.

Wild mallards prefer shallow water habitats for feeding and thick vegetation to nest in. They typically breed around freshwater lakes, ponds and reservoirs; however they will winter in marshes, sloughs or beaver ponds as well.


Fruit can be an excellent way to provide extra vitamins and minerals to wild mallard ducks’ diets. However, certain fruits should be avoided at all costs.

Citrus fruits such as lemons, grapefruits, oranges and limes are too acidic for ducks’ digestive systems to handle. Avocados should never be fed to birds at all; stone fruit pits also pose a danger due to trace amounts of cyanide present; thus it’s best to remove them before offering the fruit to birds.


Ducks eat a wide range of foods, from grass to herbaceous plants, water plants and roots; as well as worms, insects, seeds, grains, berries and nuts.

Ducks also enjoy scraps like peelings, radish tops and lettuce trimmings that you might otherwise discard. It is important to chop these vegetables into small pieces before offering them to your ducks for consumption.


Seeds are an incredibly nutritious addition to a duck’s diet. Sunflower seeds in particular are beneficial, and you can mix them into their regular feed for extra nutritional benefit.

Seeds can also be given occasionally as a treat, just make sure the amount is kept within proportion to their other foods. Too much can lead to excess weight and fatty liver disease in some ducks.


Ducks can get the essential vitamins and minerals they need from nuts, such as vitamin E, biotin, and niacin. These essential nutrients keep ducks healthy and help avoid problems like biotin deficiency which could cause skin issues or skeletal deformities in young ducks.

Peanuts can be an enjoyable treat for ducks, but should not make up a major part of their diet. Feeding too many peanuts could lead to digestive issues.


Bread has no nutritional value for wild ducks and can lead to malnutrition and painful deformities if consumed in excess.

Instead of feeding wild mallard ducks cracked corn, oats, rice, birdseed, frozen peas, chopped lettuce or sliced grapes, these foods may be offered.

These natural foods are a better alternative to bread since they mimic what wild ducks typically forage for. Furthermore, it helps prevent rotting food in the water which could harm their habitats and other wildlife nearby.


Ducks enjoy a varied diet that includes pondweed, seeds, insects, worms and small fish. Furthermore, they don’t have particular food preferences – they enjoy all types of fruits and vegetables without fail!

Wild mallard ducks will happily consume unripe fruits and vegetables as long as they’re not wilted or bug-eaten. When offering fresh peels of fruits and vegetables to them, make sure they’re cut into tiny bits before feeding.