What Does the Eastern Indigo Snake Eat?

what does the eastern indigo snake eat

You’ve probably been wondering, “What does the eastern indigo snake eat?” If so, you’re not alone. Most snakes are harmless, and many would not harm them if they understood their value. A pleasant experience can cure the irrational fear of snakes. Read on to learn more about this snake and its life cycle. This article explores the Prey, Habitat, and Threats of the eastern indigo snake.

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The eastern indigo snake is a native of the southeastern United States. The species resides in the southeastern United States, where it can be found in sandy areas, upland pine-hardwood communities, and creek bottoms. Because of its habitat, eastern indigo snakes must migrate from a sandhill to a pine-hardwood forest, and they must cross streams, farmland, and residential property. The eastern indigo snake is highly venomous, and the species can reach lengths of 2.8 meters (9.2 ft) if the prey is available.

The eastern indigo snake is federally protected. Its prey consists of a variety of animals. According to published information, the snake’s diet consists of anurans, gopher toads, and various rodent species. However, the list does not include all of the species that the snake eats. Despite the diverse range of prey, it is not recommended to handle an eastern indigo snake without the proper training.

Breeding season

During the breeding season, the eastern indigo snake will lay its eggs. This nonvenomous snake is the largest in its range. Its muscular jaws help it overwhelm its prey. Unfortunately, the eastern indigo snake’s natural habitat is being fragmented by logging and agricultural practices. To preserve the species, a conservation breeding program is underway in the Panhandle of Florida.

While many colubrid and brumate snakes breed in the winter, this time of year can be difficult for this species. Ambient temperatures are lowered to around 45 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit for about two months. Breeding then occurs when these temperatures increase to around 85 degrees Fahrenheit. In southern Florida, the breeding season is from June to January. When they breed, the hatchlings are about 17 to 24 inches long.


The habitat of the eastern indigo snake consists of the southeastern U.S. and south Texas. Its range extends from South Georgia to Florida, Alabama, and Louisiana. Its range is seasonal, changing from sandhill plant communities to pine flatwoods. In summer, the snake lives in burrows of gopher tortoise, but winters are warmer. Though it is a small snake, it can tolerate cold temperatures better than many species.

The habitat of the eastern indigo snake is threatened by a wide range of human activities. Hence, it is important to protect these snakes. Don’t hunt, harass, or kill them – support conservation efforts and private or federal agencies that work to protect the snakes. Also, don’t waste time removing them from their natural habitat! To save them, it is crucial to understand their habits.


The eastern indigo snake is listed as threatened by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. In 1978, a study of snake populations found that they were declining by more than 50% in some areas. While human population growth has increased direct mortality rates, other threats include pesticides and habitat destruction. These factors have made the eastern indigo snake an increasingly endangered species. But there is still hope. Learn more about the species’ plight by reading on.

The eastern indigo snake has a small population, and it is not expected to survive without protection from human threats. While it may survive in some localities with unfragmented habitat, it is likely to be isolated from other snakes in small groups. Furthermore, it is not known if it can breed in small patches that are not protected. So, how can we protect this endangered species? The answer lies in habitat preservation.


Though eastern indigo snakes are known to inhabit parts of the Florida Panhandle, they are very rare in the state and have a restricted distribution. Moler (1985a) performed a distributional survey of eastern indigo snakes in Florida. The survey consisted of records from 32 institutions and the sightings of 95 biologists. While the snakes are distributed widely in the peninsula, they are not common there.

The eastern indigo snake’s distribution is north-south, most likely because of the different climatic conditions. Northern populations are located in the Panhandle and North Florida, whereas southern populations are found in Peninsular Florida and Southeast Georgia. According to Folt and colleagues, this north-south gradient reflects a geographic pattern in snake distribution. Furthermore, the distribution of eastern indigo snakes is similar in the Atlantic-Gulf genetic gradient, which indicates that they are closely related to other snake species.


Female eastern indigos typically ovulate during the end of October or early November, when the day length is reducing. Because of this, it is best to wait until the snakes reach five feet in length, or they are five years old, before attempting to breed them. During this time, a single male may mate with as many as four females. However, breeding is not always easy.

Breeding occurs between November and April, when females will start discharging pheromones. Males will compete with each other for the female’s attention by pushing their heads to the ground. When the male is successful, he will mate with the female, and the egg laying will begin between May and June. A female can lay anywhere from four to twelve eggs. Once the female is done, the eggs will hatch in 90 days.